Medical Detection Dogs uses the amazing power of the dog’s nose to detect human diseases
They’re cute, snuggling and considered man’s best friend, but can your four-paw pal also help save your life?
For many years now there have been reports from people claiming their dog sniffed out their cancer. Even actress Shannen Doherty believes her dog detected her breast cancer before it was diagnosed by her doctors. Until
Until now, however, these reports have been nothing more than hearsay. In a trial approved by the NHS, scientists hope to finally test this theory and determine whether or not a dog can accurately detect prostate, bladder and breast cancers.
Women could be tested for ovarian cancer in a similar way as doctors test for cervical cancer
Ovarian cancer could be detected years before any symptoms emerge after scientists at Oxford University found a way to spot the first signs of the disease.
A study funded by Ovarian Cancer Action has discovered a protein that brings us closer to early detection and better treatment of Ovarian cancer. The discovery of the protein, SOX2, means that the disease could be spotted years before symptoms arise, giving women a better chance of successful treatment.
Scientists in Oxford have discovered that using an old anti-malaria drug alongside radiotherapy treatment helps shrink hard-to-treat tumours.
The drug, Atovaquone, is a cheap, widely available and safe medication which causes tumours to process oxygen differently making them sensitive to the effects of radiotherapy.
Radiotherapy works by damaging the DNA of cancer cells. But many cancers such as lung, bowel and brain tumours do not respond to radiotherapy because they have low levels of oxygen. The lower the level of oxygen the easier it is for cancer cells to repair themselves from the damage caused by radiotherapy.
Researchers have discovered a new drug that could potentially stop lung cancer and detect the disease before it spreads around the body.
The breakthrough could pave way for life-saving treatments after Melbourne researchers from Hudson Institute of Medical Science identified an inflammation-causing molecule that triggers the deadly disease to spread to the lungs.
Keeping fit both protects our bodies from the disease and boosts chances of survival
Scientists have long known that athletes have a lower risk of developing cancer than the rest of us.
They believed this was due to their healthy diet and non-smoker status. However, a study has now found that it is actually exercise itself that helps protect against cancer and can even improve your chances of surviving the disease too.
Scientists asay they have made a breakthrough which could revolutionise prostate cancer treatment.
Genetically modified Salmonella bacteria have been used to successfully shrink prostate cancers in a lab study by Swansea University.
Scientists leading the study believe this could be a ‘game-changer’ in the treatment of the disease.
In this promising study, Salmonella bacteria were modified to make them completely harmless to healthy cells but lethal to cancer cells. By harnessing the natural properties of the bacteria, the cancer cells are starved of nutrients causing them to perish.
Ultraviolet (UV) light could potentially replace chemotherapy as a cancer treatment.
In a novel approach developed by scientists at the University of Texas San Antonio, aggressive breast cancers have been successfully shrunk using Ultraviolet light.
This non-invasive technique causes cancer cells to self-destruct, killing the tumour without affecting healthy tissue. This could revolutionise cancer treatment, improving survival rates without the need for chemotherapy and its terrible side effects.
Scientists at Ohio State University have developed a simple, cheap testing strip which can detect cancer and other diseases from a few drops of blood. They hope this new home testing kit will be available in the next few years. It will mean that checking for cancer will be as simple as checking your blood sugar or taking a home pregnancy test.
The researchers, led by Dr Abraham Badu-Tawiah, have developed paper strips containing small synthetic chemical probes which carry a positive charge. These charges help identify biomarkers of certain diseases such as cancer and malaria when analysed by a handheld mass spectrometer.